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The natural environment. The main elements of the natural environment in the area are the future East Park, the balnear resort Băile Someșeni, the local river system and the slope of the land. All these elements influence the configuration of the urban structure. This urban structure is firmly connected with those two important natural areas (the future East Park and the balnear resort Băile Someșeni) and it enhances and amplifies the local river system, naturally following the existing topography. Therefore, all the existing and proposed elements of the green spaces are organized in a system that is connected to the ecological forces and systems of the neighboring areas. The green system of the area is made up of ecological corridors that follow the trail easement of the local utility networks (which already have construction restrictions) and a new proposed ecological corridor which follows a trail of minimum elevation, which crosses the whole area from West to East towards the Murători stream (which also crosses the nearby military unit from South to North). This new route has the purpose of ensuring continuity in the green system of the area and also the purpose of collecting the excess rainwater from the built areas.

The compact city.  The boundaries of the newly built areas are determined by the design of this type of network-connected green system. These new built structures are organized in neighborhood units, each of them being delimited by the green ecological system of the area. The new neighborhood units are sized so the journey of a pedestrian from its edge to its center does not exceed a 5 minutes walk (400m). The proposed urban structure is compact and it manages the consumption of natural territory in a balanced manner, thus ensuring viability in the future development of the city.

Social aspects – new meeting places.  The configuration means of the neighborhood units follow many aspects such as ensuring social inclusion and mixing, ensuring local services and facilities that meet a wide range of needs and involving the local communities. They also offer alternatives and different housing standards. The precise way in which the public and private spaces are configured provides security and clarity in the future use of these spaces.

The configuration elements of the neighborhood units are the streets (which also have different identities) and the urban blocks. Each inhabitant of the area has the option “to live” in different situations (private-public). This option is being ensured by the structure of each neighborhood unit. The hierarchical units which are found in each general neighborhood unit are the following: the Apartment – Family, the Block – Close Neighbours, the Neighborhood Block and the Neighborhood Unit. For each of these separate hierarchical units, there is a corresponding outdoor space in the general neighborhood unit: the Apartment – the Courtyard, the Block – the Inner Courtyard, the Neighborhood Block – the Small Green Pocket and Social Gathering Space, the Neighborhood Unit – the Civic Center and the Park. Each neighborhood unit has in its central area an educational facility with a sports hall and a community center.

The social and spatial qualities that led to the design of these urban structures are the following: permeability, urban legibility, adaptability/flexibility, energy efficiency and the assurance of a wide range of spaces with different features ranging from intimacy to community interaction.

Studio 82 SRL
arch. Octav Silviu Olănescu
arch. Anamaria Olănescu
stud. arch. Andrada Pinte 
stud. arch. Petrică Maier-Drăgan

Vlad Sebastian Rusu BIA
arch. Vlad Sebastian Rusu
arch. Miruna Moldovan